Wednesday, May 27, 2020
The U.S Congress and Health Policy (Research Paper Sample) Content: The U.S Congress and Health PolicyName:Institution:What role does the congress play in the formulation of health policy?Many issues attract the attention of the congress; key among them is the health care issue. Strengthening of the nationÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s economy is the first priority of the congress followed by improvement of jobsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ creation with 87% and 84% respectively. It also focuses on financing of the social security systems, reduction of the budget deficit, financing of the Medicare system, reduction of the healthcare cost, revision of the healthcare legislation and helping the needy and the poor. The congress has a vital role to play in the health reform policy (FarleyHenry, 200911). The congress designs entitlement programs such as Medicare, finances programs like Medicaid and VeteransÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬ administration, and it supports health care research at the National Institutes of Health. The congress makes decisions that have great impacts on the lives of both the republicans and democrats. The lower house and the senate have various committees that have authority over health programs and policies such as regulations, program structure, financing, and oversight.The House Ways and Means Committee is one of the Congress committee. This committee is responsible for tax policies and deals with tax credits and other matters related to health issues. The Energy and Commerce Committee plays an oversight role over the health issues especially in the public and health programs that are financed by revenue. This committee runs programs such as the Medicaid and ChildrenÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s Health Insurance and other safety programs. The Senate Health, Education Labor and Pensions (SHELP) committee is in charge of pension, health, employeeÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬s benefits, public health and biomedical research and development. The senate Finance Committee has the power over the tax policy, federal health programs and other programs such as the Medicare and the Me dicaid under the Social Security Act. Another committee is the Budget Committee, which establishes the spending and revenue level of the congress. It sets up the spending priorities and makes decisions on health care finances. The Appropriation Committees in both the House and the Senate are responsible for allocation of funds in the jurisdiction within the limits set by the Budget Committee. The committee has powers over discretionary and non-entitlement programs (Henry,Farley, 200911).How does the congress operate?The U.S Congress is made up of two chambers namely; the House of Representatives and the Senate (BristolHenry, 200811). The congress has 535 members and each member represents a specific district. The members of the house are referred to as congressional representatives. Two members represent each state. The senate has 100 members; 51 are democrats, 47 are republicans while 2 are independent. There are four committees responsible of the health issues are the Finance Comm ittee, Budget Committee, Health Education, Labor committee, Pension Committee and the Appropriations Committee. Each committee is independent. The senate has extra powers than the lower house in that it has the power to sign treaties and it either accepts or rejects the appointed cabinet secretaries, military officials, federal government judges and other state officials.The House has 435 members elected after every two years (Klarner, 2008). Among them, 241 are Republicans, 192 are Democrats and 2 are vacancies. The number of members in the house of representative is determined by the population of the represented state. The House has four committees that are concerned with the issue of health care. These committees are Health Care Policy Committee, the Energy and Commerce Committee, the Ways and Means Committee and the Budget and Appropriations Committee. The House has the power to start revenue bills, elect the President in the Electoral College deadlocks, and impeach officials (Henry,Bristol, 200811).What are the various steps in the legislation?A bill is introduced to the congress before the president signs it to become a law. Klarner Henry (200811) states that the bill has to go through the idea phase, drafting of the bill, hearings, committee make-up, floor action amendments and the house/senate conference. After these steps, the bill is handed over to the president who signs it to become a law.How does a bill become a law?One or more members of the congress introduce the bill to the Congress (Bristol, 2008Sinclair, 2012). The person who introduces the bill is known as a sponsor. The bill can be introduced simultaneously in both chambers, the House and the Senate, or to either one of them. Any other member of the congress may decide to co-sponsor the bill by signing it, or support it to pass through the legislation process. A bill with many co-sponsors has more support, and therefore has a higher chance of moving through the legislative process. A bil l is then drafted and afterwards, assigned to the appreciate committee to work on it. In some cases, it can be assigned to a subcommittee. The Congress has many bills to work on and thatÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬sthat is the main reason it is divided into different committees. This enables it to work on every issue with much ease.According to BristolHenry (200811), the chairperson of the committee schedules for the day of the hearing and of voting the bill. Both the advocates and the opponents are a given a chance to air their views during the process. Members are at liberty to vote for or against the bill. The committee agrees on the actual words of the bill to be forwarded to the senate or to the house. Once the bill passes through, the bill is passed on to the congress. The speaker of the house and the majority leader of the senate schedules a day for voting. Majority and ...
Saturday, May 16, 2020
The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth is a public research university with an acceptance rate of 78%. One of the schools in the five-campus University of Massachusetts system, UMass Dartmouth is located in North Dartmouth, Massachusetts. The expansive 710-acre main campus sits on the south coast of the state between Providence and Newport, Rhode Island. UMass Dartmouth also has satellite campuses in nearby New Bedford and Fall River. The university has a student / faculty ratio of 16-to-1 and an average class size of 25 students. The UMass Dartmouth Corsairs compete in the NCAA Division III Little East Conference, the Massachusetts State Collegiate Athletic Conference, and the Great Northeast Athletic Conference. Considering applying to the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth? Here are the admissions statistics you should know, including average SAT/ACT scores and GPAs of admitted students. Acceptance Rate During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, UMass Dartmouth had an acceptance rate of 78%. This means that for every 100 students who applied, 78 students were admitted, making UMass Dartmouths admissions process somewhat competitive. Admissions Statistics (2017-18) Number of Applicants 8,697 Percent Admitted 78% Percent Admitted Who Enrolled (Yield) 21% SAT Scores and Requirements The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth requires that most applicants submit either SAT or ACT scores. During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, 96% of admitted students submitted SAT scores. SAT Range (Admitted Students) Section 25th Percentile 75th Percentile ERW 490 600 Math 500 590 ERW=Evidence-Based Reading and Writing This admissions data tells us that most of UMass Dartmouths admitted students fall within theÃ bottom 29% nationallyÃ on the SAT. For the evidence-based reading and writing section, 50% of students admitted to UMass Dartmouth scored between 490 and 600, while 25% scored below 490 and 25% scored above 600. On the math section, 50% of admitted students scored between 500 and 590, while 25% scored below 500 and 25% scored above 590. Applicants with a composite SAT score of 1190 or higher will have particularly competitive chances at UMass Dartmouth. Requirements UMass Dartmouth does not require the optional SAT writing section. Note that the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth participates in the scorechoice program, which means that the admissions office will consider your highest score from each individual section across all SAT test dates. At UMass Dartmouth, SAT Subject tests are not required. Note that beginning with the 2019-2020 admission cycle, students with a 3.0 GPA or higher may choose to apply test-optional for certain programs at UMass Dartmouth. Applicants to the Charlton College of Business, College of Visual Performing Arts, or College of Arts Sciences (with the exception of Biology and Chemistry which require test scores) may apply test-optional. ACT Scores and Requirements The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth requires that most applicants submit either SAT or ACT scores. During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, 6% of admitted students submitted ACT scores. ACT Range (Admitted Students) Section 25th Percentile 75th Percentile English 20 31 Math 20 26 Composite 19 26 This admissions data tells us that most of UMass Dartmouths admitted students fall within the bottom 46% nationallyÃ on the ACT. The middle 50% of students admitted to UMass Dartmouth received a composite ACT score between 19 and 26, while 25% scored above 26 and 25% scored below 19. Requirements Note that UMass Dartmouth does not superscore ACT results; your highest composite ACT score will be considered. UMass Dartmouth does not require the optional ACT writing section. Note that beginning with the 2019-2020 admission cycle, students with a 3.0 grade point average or higher may choose to apply test-optional for certain programs at UMass Dartmouth. Applicants to the Charlton College of Business, College of Visual Performing Arts, or College of Arts Sciences (with the exception of Biology and Chemistry which require test scores) may apply test-optional. GPA In 2018, the average high school GPA of University of Massachusetts Dartmouths incoming freshmen class was 3.25. This data suggests that most successful applicants to UMass Dartmouth have primarily B grades. Admissions Chances The University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, which accepts over three-quarters of applicants, has a somewhat selective admissions. However, UMass Dartmouth also has aÃ holistic admissionsÃ process and admissions decisions are based on much more than numbers. AÃ strong applicationÃ essayÃ and glowing (optional) letters of recommendationÃ can strengthen your application, as can participation inÃ meaningful extracurricular activitiesÃ and aÃ rigorous course schedule.Ã Students with particularly compelling stories or achievements can still receive serious consideration even if their grades and scores are outside UMass Dartmouths average range. Find out how you compare to accepted students, see the real-time graph, and calculate your chances of getting in with a free Cappex account. If You Like UMass Dartmouth, You May Also Like These Schools University of VermontSuffolk UniversityBoston UniversityBrown UniversityUniversity of New HampshireBoston CollegeRoger Williams UniversityUniversity of Massachusetts Boston All admissions data has been sourced from the National Center for Education Statistics and University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Undergraduate Admissions Office.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Gene WeingartenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Pearls before Breakfast,Ã¢â¬ published in 2007. It was originally published in the Washington Post. The targeted audience includes general newspaper readers. The purpose of the text is to enlighten the value of free God gifted talents that are hidden somewhere in the ignorance of people who remain busy in their personal lives. Nowadays, people usually favor and follow popular artists by their titles, and bands names. On the other hand, artists who perform on streets, bus stations, and subways their talent become viral through modern media. When unknown talent captured in cameras by unknown spectators and the unusual performances become highlighted than people show empathy towards them. Although adaptability of poverty and ignorance of the world makes unknown artists so much ignorable in the eyes of the world that donations make their day and they come to know at the end of the day that how many spectators did observe them. However, I argue that peop le shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t build an invisible wall between stage and street artists by ignoring artistic languages, disliking of physical appearances, and focusing on price tags rather than originality of artistic work. I believe that besides worldÃ¢â¬â¢s different languages there are also some other languages that donÃ¢â¬â¢t require words. These languages come from humansÃ¢â¬â¢ senses. For instance, if an infant gets hungry the feeling of pain becomes him or her to cry and provides him or her food. Similarly, people who understand art byShow MoreRelatedHuman Resources Management150900 Words Ã |Ã 604 Pagesmost of the fastest-growing occupations percentagewise are related to information technology or health care. The increase in the technology jobs is due to the rapid increase in the use of information technology, such as databases, system design and analysis, and desktop publishing. The health care jobs are growing as a result of the aging of the U.S. population and workforce, a factor discussed later. Chapter 1 Changing Nature of Human Resource Management 5 FIGURE 1Ã¢â¬â1 The 10 Occupations with
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe about the Macro and Microenvironment Analysis of Bindle. Answer: Introduction Market Environment Analysis is a vital step that assists to understand the national, international, external and internal environment of an organization that directly or indirectly affects the business. The factors that have direct control can be managed by the companies but same factors are not in the control of the business. The management of such factors in a proper way results as an opportunity. Companies whose management is strong, converts the challenges into opportunities. It enhances the potential of the organizations and protects from the threat available in the environment. There are many tools that can help organizations to analyze the environment like- SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis, STEEP analysis, STEEPLE analysis, PEST analysis, etc. A PESTLE analysis is the most used and effective analysis used by the companies. It stands for: Political, Economical, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental analysis. It also analyzes the opportunities and threat of an organizatio n. A Political analysis means all the government regulations and rules imposed by the same, which impact the businesses of a particular country or state. For example- Taxes on imports and exports, quotas, tariffs, etc. Economic factors are those factors related to the money. It can be in the form of tax, duties, etc. for which the businesses are obliged to pay. Society refers to the social surrounding in which a business is running. The changes in the society and the norms, culture, ethics, morals of the people, that creates an impact on the business. Legal environment means laws and duties of the government that should be followed by the organization to work smoothly. Environmental factors are the factors that are not controlled by anyone. Like- Weather, seasons, disaster etc. In this way, all these factors influence the working of the business. Industry Overview and Product Description Bindle Bindle is a company that sells their products online. It is situated in Australia. The company manufactures gift items using differ styles. They believe that eco-friendly production sustains the business for a longer period of time. Hence, the company blends its products with sustainability. They have eco-friendly gift stores located in various parts of Australia. Bindle has replaced the artistic license and gift hampers into attractive gifts and pickings. This company designs and presents its consumers with beautiful gift boxes and baskets. Bindle prepared gifts not only for women but also, it has a wide variety for men, babies, clients, corporate people, Christmas, birthday parties etc. The items of the gifts are manufactured by boutique Australian who prepare food, wines, cakes, desserts, cookies, and also design gift items for the company. The gifts from Bindle are the remarkable alternative of traditional gifts and hampers. Bindle is a perfect choice for those who want to keep t he environment in their minds while purchasing gifts and presents for their loved ones (Upadhyay, 2014). Products and Packaging The gifts from Bindle came in a fully packed hand-made Bindle signature baskets or boxes. The packing is done by rich quality packing paper. The packaging of each bundle of gifts is done through stylistic nod according to the Japanese art. The tie-up of gift boxes and folding is not done by using tapes and staples which give the present holder a different experience of unfolding the gifts. The packing in itself is a valuable part of the gifts by Bindle. Vision of the Company A Bindle is bundles of possession carried by the hobo. Hobo means a person who is homeless, a vagrant. The company said, I have had my hobo chapters and lived nomadically with very few possessions. Bindle said that unlike hobos who do not have any possessions and prescribed boundaries, the company has a sense of place and locate. Everyone faced a nightmare before going to a party or many occasion to search perfect gifts for the loved ones. Bindle was born with a vision that due to globalization the world is becoming smaller and the choice for gifts and the features is also less. With this vision, it engaged the local artisans of Australia to produce hand-crafted gift packs. They have a wide variety of gifts from every part of Australia. Their creation is unique and matched the culture over here- the gifts, its wrapping and the boxes in which they are wrapped. Each gift item produced by Bindle is a compilation of many talented people who tried to bring his or her own creativity. The inter-relationship between the artisans, friends, families, farmers, etc. makes the Bindle unique. Each delivery of gift influences the whole organization (Pierce, 2012). Bindle is not a simple gift-packing service. Each box from this company has handmade cookies. If you want to have the goodies from Bindle, you do not have to put mush efforts to find gifts. All the gifts are carefully and uniquely chosen. Example- ties pattern packing, coffee beans, cosmetics, gourmet jams, etc. Basically, this company and its products are a shortcut to find quality presents with lesser efforts (Uddin, 2012). The packing of the gifts is done by a designed cloth which is neatly and beautifully wrapped. They have many themes and designs depending on the gifts and the occasion on which the gift needs to deliver. Tagline: We assemble it, you take the credit. Macro and Microenvironment of Bindle There are two types of marketing environment that influence Bindle i.e., micro and macro environment. Such factors are not in the control of the management but (PESTLEanalysis Contributor, 2015)still influence the process of strategic planning and decision making for marketing strategy (Wilson and Piper, 2010). Macro environment Demographic Environment This environment comprises of all the demographic forces that influence bindle. It includes the country, region, the age of the target customers, education level, the lifestyle of people, the culture of that area, etc. The Demographic environment for Bindle is very comfortable and accessible. As the company situated in Australia, the people over there are very educated and elegant. Economical environment Economic Environment has an important impact on bindle. This factor results in trading of products from the market. The tools of an economic factor are inflation, deflation, taxation policy, interest rates on loans, etc. that affects Bindle. These factors become more impactful at the time of new entrants and emerging enterprises (Ghose, 2015). Natural environment It is an important factor of the macro factor of environment. This environment includes the natural resources used by the company as an input to get the outputs. The concern for Bindle enterprises is the declining rate of natural resource, pollution, depletion in the supply of raw material, government policies, etc. As the company, uses a big amount of natural resource in their company. Technological environment Technology is one of the major forces that influence the companies. Though, Bindle believes in the eco-friendly production of the products, still, they also need some technology. It is a pervasive factor of the environment. Technology means the application of updated knowledge that the science provides. The fact is that the technology helped the business to bring revolution in the business operations. Consequently, Jindle has applied to knowledge and application that are changing rapidly (Romero, 2011). Political Legal Environment The political and legal issues are very similar to the social environment because the law and regulations are passes due to the problems arise in the society. There are certain laws that regulated the political environment like- fiscal policies, monetary policies, control on the emission from the industries into air and water, work and health, price control, wages, and salaries, etc. Other factors that come under the same are equal opportunity to all, employment contract, laws for the collective bargaining, etc. Such factors influence the business either in a positive way or negative. Socio-Cultural Environment Social environment refers to the environment that creates many types of obligations to the company. Bindle usually frames their decisions in accordance with the culture of Australia. Social cultural environment deals with the beliefs and values of the society. According to this, the decisions making takes shape. It is one of the biggest challenges to the managers Microenvironment Customers Customers are the most important part of marketing environment. Customers are the individuals or the group of people who buys the goods and services of the company. Bindle in an organization who takes care of their customers and produce goods that provides maximum satisfaction to the same. Suppliers The suppliers are also the group of people or individuals who supplies the raw material used by Bindle to (Gordon, 2014) manufacture fine products like- coffee beans, wood, sugar cane, etc. The effective supply leads to long-term survival of the organization. Intermediaries Intermediaries are the creditors and the debtors that may directly or indirectly influence the bindle. Competitors Competitors are the individuals who manufacture the same product as Bindle. In other words, the organization whose target customers are similar as your organization in known as customers. Competitors are the rivals present in the market that influence the business on a high level. Publics Public refers to the individuals present in the market. The opinion of public plays a vital role as it affects the organization and its reputation. Market segmentation Table showing market segmentation of Bindle S. No. Basis of Segmentation Category Identifies segment Importance/ Relevance 1. By Behaviouralistic Beverages (coffee, tea, etc.), bouquet, chocolates, etc. Youth, corporate people, business meetings, family vacations, special occasions, etc. The basis of this segment is the lifestyle of the people and their behavior. It also includes the loyal behavior of the customers towards any brand. 2. By Physiographic Cosmetics, consumer goods, etc Young individuals, middle aged people, status conscious, etc. The basis of this segmentation is also lifestyle of the people. The attitudes of the individuals, attitude, interest, value, etc. assist bindle to identify their potential customers. 3. By Demographics Daily use products, basic products like toiletries, etc. (Wasserman, 2016) Young, young families, middles aged people, retired people. old age people, etc. The basis of this segmentation is according to the age, size, income, educations, ethnicity, etc. 4. By occasion Show pieces, accessories, chocolates, etc The identified segment includes all age people. The basis of this segmentation is the festivals and occasions according to which the customers demand for the products. Summary of the above Table Bindles market segmentation is very easy and simple for the company. There market segment of this company depend on the products they manufacture. Marketing segmentation refers to a strategy of market that includes division of market into sets of consumers, business, and countries, perceptions, who have similar needs, interests, preferences, priorities, etc. and then implement those strategies to target them. This process in takes place to search the target customers in the market place and to position the marketing strategy on them such as positioning so that an organization can achieve objectives. Many organizations opt for product differentiation policies and indifferent approaches that include product line, specification in products, which depend on the market segment. There are various types of market segmentation depending on the nature and type of market and product. Market targeting and consumer profile Target market for Bindle As we know, that Bindle is an organization that produces gift products and presents of various types. The target market for Bindle is the youth of Australia. Because they are the one who exchanges the gifts items. There are many occasions on which the youth need to exchange gifts, like- Valentine day, valentine week, birthdays, parties, anniversaries, marriages, ceremonies, etc. ( Blackford, 2015). Consumers profile Generation Y (age 10-24) generation X (age 24-37) - The young generation and the middle age people of Australia will be the target market for Bindle and its products. As they are the one who demand the most for such products. Generation X refers to the married people, raising children, individuals who are buying home for the first time, building the corporate, job class people, etc. Generation Y refers to the people who are in a frowning age and experiencing the power to spend money for others. They are career orientated and have enough money to spend on other to give gifts and present for their loved ones (Patidar, 2012). Differentiation and positioning The products differentiation and positioning of Bindle products to its target market is an easy process. Product Bindle has to produce unique products to attract more customers. It can be through special packaging, cost of the product can be a factor of differentiation factor, antique designs, styling, and attractive colors, advertisement strategies, etc. (Suttle, 2016) may help Bindle to differentiate their products for the competitors. Image Bindle can obtain completive advantage by using image differentiation strategy in their organization. It can be achieved through services, channels, people, etc. The image can be differentiated by understanding the actual needs of the target segmentation and producing goods in accordance with the same (Recklies, 2015). Service Service is a vital factor to impress your target market and set an image in the eyes of them. It can be through after sale services, unique services, additional services, guarantee warrant y, free services, etc. People The customers are the back bone of any market. Bindle has to analyze the market and research on the needs and desires for the customers in Australia. Afterwards, they have to design their product that matches the same. Channel It refers to the channels of the goods and services. It includes, free delivery, delivery on time, accurate delivery of products, etc. Conclusion Under this study, we have done marketing analysis for bindle. The companys reputation is good with a wide range of products. The marketing strategy o this company is also very approachable. It has a completive advantage as there is no such company found in Australian markets. So the company is enjoying a type of monopoly. The company has a strong brand position in the markets of Australia. The significance of this study is that the learners will learn a lot about Bindle. They also learn to do market study for any organization. There is a description on product differentiation and brand positions are also discussed. The study is providing detailed profile of all the customers and the target segment for Bindle. References Blackford, C., (2015), Bindle, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://bindle.com.au/blogs/bindle/73477893-bindle-testimonial-love Ghose, S., (2015), Marketing Environment, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/marketing/marketing-environment-study-notes/50811/ Gordon, A. (2014). The Empire Of Dreams Mindset. Cork: BookBaby. Patidar, M., (2012), Marketing Environment, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://www.enotesmba.com/2012/12/mba-notes-marketing-environment.html PESTLEanalysis Contributor, (2015), What is Marketing Analysis?, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://pestleanalysis.com/what-is-marketing-analysis/ Pierce, F., (2012), Top 10 supply chain organizations, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://www.supplychaindigital.com/top10/2520/Top-10-Supply-Chain-Organizations Recklies, D, (2015), Market Segmentation- Why is it Important?, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://www.themanager.org/2015/02/market-segmentation/ Romero, E. (2011). Compete outside the box. [U.S.?]: Compete Outside the Box Press. Suttle, R., 2016, What is a product mix?, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://smallbusiness.chron.com/product-mix-639.html Uddin, M. (2012). Journal And Confrence Paper On (Enviornment) E Waste Management. IOSRJMCE, 2(1), pp.25-45. Upadhyay, A. (2014). Social Concentration on Boards, Corporate Information Environment and Cost of Capital. Journal of Business Finance Accounting, 41(7-8), pp.974-1001. Wilson, E. and Piper, J. (2010). Spatial planning and climate change. London: Routledge. Wasserman, E., (2016), How to price your products?, [Online], Accessed on: 17 September 2016, Available on: https://www.inc.com/guides/price-your-products.html
Thursday, April 16, 2020
Overview of the political economy of Germany According to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany is one of the strongest economies among the countries that form the European Union (16). During the last quarter of the year 2011, the real gross domestic product of Germany stood at $ 3.479 trillion (Global Finance 1).Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The Political Economy of Germany Ã¢â¬â specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This denotes positive economic development. The country was affected by the global financial crisis (Janning 1), which resulted in a fall of GDP growth of the country by 5.1%. The fall in the GDP of Germany during the crisis was attributed to the position that it occupied in EU trade. Being an exporter of numerous technological goods and machineries across the European Union, the country had a low return from trade. The trading environment in Europe shrank because of the d ecreased financial sector in most of the European countries. The economic strength of Germany has been enhanced by the reunification of East and West Germany. Germany has an active political landscape (Lange 2). The political landscape of Germany is marked by rational politics. The country has a federal government which is led by a Chancellor. The country is subdivided into different regions. The current head of the federal government is Chancellor Angela Merkel. Germany is headed by a coalition government which is composed of three parties; they include the Christian Democratic Union, Christian Social Union and the Free Democratic Party (Schwarzer 3). Economic policy areas of Germany in relation to the European Union Germany is amongst the strongest supporters of the European Union. The country has exhibited support for economic integration of Europe through the European Union. To that effect, the country has pursued many policies in regard to its incorporation into the European Un ion. Germany highly advocates for economic integration of the European Union because of the benefits that accrue to the functioning of the union. The economy of Germany is highly supported by exports. A third of the national output of Germany emanates from exports. The EU presents many export opportunities to Germany. Current policies of Germany on European Union integration began in the early years of the 1990s. This is the time when the country began seeking for real economic identity in Europe. The European Union was uncovered as the main tool that would help Germany to keep pursuing its economic goals (Janning 2). The fiscal policy in relation to the global economic crisis The current government of Germany is pursuing numerous economic policies. The fist economic policy that is being pursued concerns the elimination the budgetary deficit in the coming years. Deficits in the budget of a country are argued to have been aggravated by the financial problems in the European Union (Sc hettkat and Langkau 10).Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The government has focused on bringing together all the public finances so as to raise enough capital to bail the country from the crisis in order to improve the trading environment in the country, and the attainment of favorable figures in the balance of payments. The balance of payments is often depended on the rate at which a country participates and gains from exportation of products. As the country focuses on raising revenue generation, it must also assess the performance of the European Union. The reason for this is that the EU forms the immediate foreign market that comes with many economic benefits to Germany. The benefits accrue to the level of integration that has been attained in the EU. Internal economic policies in highly economically integrated regions are often affected by forces from the Union (Schwarz er 2). The common agriculture policy of the European Union Ã¢â¬â impacts on the economy of Germany The European Union has what is known as a Common Agricultural Policy. The policy seeks to protect farmers in all countries forming the union. Farmers in Germany and other European Union countries are efficient. However, there are a number of factors that limit the farmers. They hinder them from competing effectively in the international market. These factors include input, land and cost of fuel. Through CAP, extra funds are provided to farmers in order to help them subsidize the high costs of production. Tariffs and quotas are imposed on agriculture products that are imported into the union. According to the policy, Germany and other EU countries are barred from offering any other support to their agricultural sectors. Being a beneficiary of the CAP, the responsibility of the Germany government is to ensure that funds that offered by CAP are managed effectively. Germany is one of th e strong advocates of the policy. It was among the first signatories of the treaty that officiated this policy. With improvements in the framework on which CAP is administered, Germany and other EU counterparts are deemed to remain competitive in the international market (European Commission 1). Positive and negative aspects of EU membership on Germany Belonging to a regional economic body has both positive and negative effects to countries. Germany has derived a lot of economic benefits from its membership in the European Union. Germany is an active exporter of different commodities. Its presence and membership in the European Union has enhanced its exportation capacity. A lot of cross border trade barriers have been eliminated from the EU giving Germany the opportunity to thrive in the EU market (Schwarzer 2). On the other hand, participation in regional trading blocs results in negative effects for participant countries.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The Political Economy of Germany Ã¢â¬â specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Inasmuch as the country benefits from the reduced trade restrictions, it also faces increased importations from other countries. As a strong economy, Germany has managed to use its economic power to export more, thence, offsetting the deficit that is brought about by imports. Foreign investment in Germany by countries which do not belong to the EU Germany has a large economy. The economy of Germany is argued to be decentralized in the sense that internal economic policies are pursued regionally (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 16). The country possesses a favorable investment climate for foreign investors. The country has a stable political environment which has been witnessed since the reunification that took place in the last decade of the 20th century. Germany has a stable government which oversees economic development. It has cultivated a strong economic environment that is supportive of continued investment. As of today, there are a substantive number of foreign firms that control their production in Germany. The high rate of economic development of Germany is backed by investment in technological development. According to Legler, Licht, and Spielkamp (5), technological development backs industry in the country hence encouraging productivity. Nearly all industries in Germany utilize high technological production methods helping in positioning the country not only in Europe, but also in the entire world. All these factors denote the presence of an active economic base in Germany. The wider economy and a relatively high population denote the present of a market and labor force for foreign investors (Adekola and Sergi 258). Foreign investors need to assess the role and benefits of Germany in the European Union. This presents an indirect but beneficial aspect. By investing in Germany, non- EU countries can get an oppor tunity to market their products in Europe without incurring excessive expenses. Political stability in Germany is a positive factor of influence on economic development. Any foreign investor in the country would find a conflict free zone in which to establish a business. Good governance is also a positive feature in Germany (Lange 3). It Presents a favorable business climate by eliminating business vices like corruption. Investors are required to go through the stipulated procedures. The complexity of the procedures is reduced by the favorable business landscape. The other supportive factor, which is an advantage to foreign investment, is the presence of numerous foreign companies in the country, some of which come from outside the European Union. Foreign investors can adopt to business entry practices that have been used by benchmark foreign firms operating in Germany.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Viitala (38) observed that the main disadvantage of foreign investment in Germany is the presence of a highly competitive economic environment. The competitive pressure resonates from goods and services from other EU countries that trade with Germany. The EU countries have a competitive edge over other countries or firms from other countries. The advantage comes from the fact that EU based firms are exempted from numerous trade procedures and costs. The argument here is that irrespective of the presence of internal incentives for investment in Germany, firms originating from outside the EU are often disadvantaged. The disadvantage is seen in cases of access to the EU market. Works Cited Adekola, Abel, and Bruno S. Sergi. Global Business Management: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007. Print. European Commission. Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). 2012. Web. Global Finance. Germany Country Report: GDP data and GDP forecasts; economic, financial and trade inform ation; the best banks in Germany; country and population overview. 2012. Web. Janning, Josef. Europe: GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Dilemma. European Policy Center. 2011. Web. Lange, Thomas. The Political Economy of German Unification. Providence [u.a.: Berghahn Books, 1998. Print. Legler, Harald, Georg Licht, and Alfred Spielkamp. GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s Technological Performance: A Study on Behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research; with 28 Tables. Heidelberg: Physica-Verl, 2000. Print. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Oecd Economic Surveys: Germany. Paris: OECD, 2012. Print. Schettkat, Ronald and Jochem Langkau. Economic Policy Proposals for Germany and Europe. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print. Schwarzer, Daniela. The Political Economy of Germany in the Sovereign Debt Crisis. Bruegel: Petterson Institute for International Economics. 2011. Web. Viitala, Tomi. Taxation of Investment Funds in the European Union. Amsterdam: International Bureau of Fiscal Docum entation, 2005. Print. This report on The Political Economy of Germany Ã¢â¬â was written and submitted by user Hayes Ramirez to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 13, 2020
Humes A Treatise Of Human Nat essays In Humes A Treatise Of Human Nature he makes a distinction between passions and reason. He Points out that reason is a slave to the passions. Reason is what directs our judgment, concerning causes and effects (p.461). These causes and effects are what directs our reason. There are some who object to this theory that Hume presents saying Surely reason is not always the slave of the passions for sometimes I act against my passions just to be reasonable. Though this objection might seem to have validity it can be seen as faulty by paying close attention to Humes section on the influencing motives of the will. The key to this argument is that the person is not acting just to be reasonable. It is that they are acting out of a secondary passion, which can be nature, good, or aversion to evil. It is the passion and not the reason that is causing the way the person chooses to act. Reason cant alone produce an action only desire can move the action of the will. It is important to also distinguish the that there are types of passions or desires, those that are originally implanted in our natures and those which are a result of the general appetite to good and the aversion to evil (p.464). The first is desire is inborn. If someone were offered 100 dollars to jump off of a building, any sane person would say no. This is because they have a natural desire to stay alive also known as the law of self-preservation. This desire is innate and is implanted in us from birth. Other natural desires are those of hunger, thirst, and sleep. The passions, which result from the appetite to good, could be considered as desires of self-advancement for example. This can be anywhere from a person trying to receive a higher salary at their job to someone trying to receive the most recognition in their field. This appetite for good cannot be considered as natural instinct. This is because it is society that exemplifies what is good a...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Strategy management - Literature review Example However, this fact does not affect his performance. In fact, crafting is characterized by the detailed review of organizational problems, allowing for more precise managerial decisions compared to common methods of strategic decision making, where there is the risk of generic assumptions. This advantage of crafting towards other methods of strategic decision making is made clear through the following statement of Mintzberg: manager as a craftsman Ã¢â¬Ëhas to craft his strategy as a potter has to manage her craftÃ¢â¬â¢ (Mintzberg 1988, p.73). Another characteristic of the manager who acts as a craftsman is that he is able to use his critical thinking on a constant basis Ã¢â¬â even when executing a task using his hands (Mintzberg 1988, p.78); this potential for simultaneous use of mind and hands is an advantage of the manager who acts as a craftsman. The view of Mintzberg that the manager is a craftsman, is in opposition with the view of Miller et al. (2005) who noted that strategic decision making is based on intuition; when being used for decision making in organizations, intuition may have two different forms: it could be either a holistic hunch or an automated expertise (Miller et al. 2005, 22); in its first form, intuition is used in organizations where Ã¢â¬Ëexploration has been adopted as a goalÃ¢â¬â¢ (Miller et al. 2005, p.22-23); on the other hand, intuition in its second form can be identified in organizations that focus on Ã¢â¬Ëexecution and building on past investmentsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Miller et al. 2005, p.22-23). At this point, it is assumed that these managers prefer to avoid focusing on details when having to develop critical strategic decisions (ignoring the theory of manager as a craftsman, as stated by Mintzberg, 1987) considering their intuition as more appropriate criterion for the development of effective strategic decisions. The use of the theory of Mintzberg for